Early life and background
The Huns were the Eurasian nomads, immigrated into Western Europe, from the east of the Volga. Huns were a society of pastoral warriors, their primary form of nourishment was milk, meat, and other products of their herds. The origin of the Hun's language has been a subject of historians for centuries. Some believed and had theories that their leaders must have been spoken with Turkic words, closest to the modern Chuvash style. Also, one theory suggests a relationship to the Yenisei. As the European people encyclopedia suggests, the Huns, especially those who migrated to the West, may have a combination of Mongolic, Turkic, and Ugric outfits. The Huns dominated a vast territory with hazy borders, populated ethnically varied people. The Huns were also an indirect source of many Roman's problems; the relationship between two empires was cordial. The Romans used the Huns against the Germans.
The Huns were best known for their astonishing achievements. From the age of three, the Huns were said to learn horsemanship, even sometimes they were sleeping on horseback.
Most people who came face to face Huns Described them as "ugly," roman historian Ammianus portrays them as "two-legged animals." As the historian studies say, the social status among the Huns was meritocratic, and the highest position was held by the man with the best kill rate in the harsh battles. Nothing is known about Hun's religion; the Roman writer Ammianus is sure that The Huns had no faith. Christian writer Salvian described them as pagans. He suggests that The Hun people worshipped "the Sword of Mars." Other historians and writers also suggest the possibility that Huns worshipped trees and burnt horses. The Hun's empire became very powerful during Attilas' reign.
Attila rose to power.
In 434, Attila and Bleda inherited the Hunnic empire after their uncles Ruga and Octar died.
Octar was the king of the western part of the Hun empire and had expanded the territory
Into German and reputedly died of overeating. Ruga was the lord of the part of the West of the Hun's empire. He started a war against the Roman Empire and was killed by a lightning strike. The Uncles inherited the stretched empire from the Rhine Region to the borders of Sasanian Iran in the Caucasus to Attila and Bleda.
- Brothers made life very difficult for Eastern and Western Roman empires.
- Their first military action was an attack on the Burgundians. In AD 437, the attacks on the Burgundians were successful, slaughtering them, wiping them out "root and branch."
- Brother wanted to negotiate a treaty with the Eastern Roman empire. The great emperor Theodous finally agreed to pay 700 pounds of gold every year. Soon The Romans broke the agreement, and in 441, Attila started a devastating attack series through Eastern Roman cities. Eastern Romans were forced to pay 2,100 pounds annually.
- In 442 AD, Roman decided to attack the Huns and take back their territories from Huns. Still, the Roman empire had failure near Gallipolis, and they also had faced several defeats and accepted their final defeat.
The death of Bleda
In 443, after the peace treaty was concluded, the Huns returned to the Great Hungarian Plain. Attila decided to challenge his brother Bleda for a single power of the empire. Atila killed his brother to connect the Hun empire and rule it alone. Although historians say that Attila killed his brother because he was jealous of his elder brother Bleda's diplomatic and military skills, Attila felt that his brother Bleda overshadowed him. During the hunting trip in 445, Attila killed Bleda. Attila was a more aggressive and ambitious leader than his brother, and he was seeking glory and more power.
Attila launched the most significant war on the Eastern Roman Empire at the beginning of his single power. Attila decimated Roman armies at the river Utus and then at Chersonesus in the Gallipoli peninsula. Attila and the Huns went to sack numerous cities in the Balkans, they penetrated deep into Greece but were stopped at Thermopylae. During Attila's kingship, the Huns were at the height of their power, ruling over Scandinavia, Germania, and Scythia. During Attila's monarchy, there were numerous cities captured, so many blood-lettings, and murders, and the dead could not have been countered.
Before that wrong time, Attila had been in good relationship with the western Roman Empire and had a good relationship with general Aetius. In 450, that situation changed when a sister of the Western Roman Emperor Valentinian III, Princess Honoria, appealed to Attila for help.
Her brother had arranged a marriage to an aristocrat and was forcing her. Honoria wanted to escape, so she sent a message along with a ring to Attila. Attila interpreted that action as a betrothal. The Hunnic king Attila claimed Honoria as his newest bride, and as her dowry, he demanded half of the Western part of the Roman Empire.